Random links

The 1918 ban of Black medical students: Addressing our past discrimination to promote diversity in the future\
A Canadian example: "in 1918, we had put in place a policy to formally ban Black students. This policy was approved in a motion by the Queen’s Senate, and it was enforced until 1965. ... the motion that had set the ban in place had never been officially repealed. He asked us to formally rescind the motion, which we did during the October meeting of the Senate."
A Twitter thread
Looks like Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez has the requisite sleaze factor to be a US congress member: "A rich guy used a PAC to pay @AOC's boyfriend $6,000 when her campaign was running out of money. After AOC won, she gave that rich guy a job in her office. Follow me on a journey."
Teens who seek solitude may know what's best for them, research suggests
"The key factor is choice ... When solitude is imposed on adolescents and young adults, whether as punishment or as a result of social anxiety, it can be problematic. But chosen solitude contributes to personal growth and self-acceptance, they found."

Picking your opportunities

Something to think about in NPR's Before Rosa Parks, A Teenager Defied Segregation On An Alabama Bus:

Other African-Americans had previously refused to give their seats to white passengers, says Hoose. "What was without precedent, though, is Colvin wanted to get a lawyer and she wanted to fight," he says.

The lawyer she chose was Fred Gray, one of two African-American lawyers in Montgomery at the time. After speaking with Colvin, Gray says, he was prepared to file a civil rights lawsuit to contest segregation on buses in Montgomery. But after discussing Colvin's incident with other local African-American community leaders, the community decided to wait, he says.

Colvin was just 15 and did not have civil rights training. Gray says the community was not quite prepared for Colvin's situation.

"Later I had a child born out of wedlock; I became pregnant when I was 16," Colvin says. "And I didn't fit the image either, of, you know, someone they would want to show off."

Nine months later, Rosa Parks did the exact same thing as Colvin. She was 42 years old, a professional and an officer in the NAACP. Hoose says Parks was the symbol that civil rights leaders were looking for.

Random links

Children, Unhappiness and Family Finances: Evidence from One Million Europeans
Basically an argument that increased unhappiness on average for married couples having children is entirely accounted for by the associated financial costs. (HT Matthew Yglesias)
81 percent of Americans can’t name a single living scientist
"Of the 19 percent who could correctly identify a scientist, 27 percent named Stephen Hawking, 19 percent named Neil deGrasse Tyson, and 5 percent named Bill Nye." Strangely both identified were astrophysicists though Hawking passed away since the time of the poll. Also in recent research, "Participants were randomly assigned to watch one of two real TED talks given by a successful astrophysicist ... "whereas liberals were significantly more likely to tweet the black female’s TED talk than they were the white male’s, conservatives showed no significant difference"
Plastic bag bans can backfire if consumers just use other plastics instead
"Using sales data from retail outlets, I found that bag bans in California reduced plastic carryout bag usage by 40 million pounds per year, but that this reduction was offset by a 12 million pound annual increase in trash bag sales. This meant that 30 percent of the plastic eliminated by the ban was coming back in the form of trash bags, which are thicker than typical plastic carryout bags."

Toni Morrison on the world

I know the world is bruised and bleeding, and though it is important not to ignore its pain, it is also critical to refuse to succumb to its malevolence. Like failure, chaos contains information that can lead to knowledge - even wisdom. Like art. - Toni Morrison

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