Protesting in Lebanon

This seems to me one of the more interesting protests going on around the planet at the moment:

I remember bumping into this in history class. You have, e.g., the Ottoman-era millet system which set different legal codes for those officially affiliated with particular regions, and then there's the current approach in Lebanese politics:

Lebanon’s power-sharing system based on 18 recognized religious sects dates back to French colonial rule, allocating posts for each of the country’s communities and forming the basis of its major political parties.

An illustration of what this looks like (courtesy Wikipedia since I couldn't quite remember what the exact allocations were):

The 1943 National Pact, an unwritten agreement that established the political foundations of modern Lebanon, allocated political power on an essentially confessional system based on the 1932 census. Seats in parliament were divided on a 6-to-5 ratio of Christians to Muslims, until 1990 when the ratio changed to half and half. Positions in the government bureaucracy are allocated on a similar basis. The pact also by custom allocated public offices along religious lines, with the top three positions in the ruling "troika" distributed as follows:

  • The President, a Maronite Christian.
  • The Speaker of the Parliament, a Shi'a Muslim.
  • The Prime Minister, a Sunni Muslim.

The lesser the extent to which you can guess what group someone falls into the easier it seems likely to change. The Lebanese case in a way is anti-identity-politics but doesn't quite map to more-commonly-discussed instances of the same.

Don't expect people to remember

Events always fade from history - yet it seems that people are always forgeting this. I'd previously written up Is the Holocaust fading from memory? to which the answer was of course yes, but probably less than a lot of other historical events. Been thinking of this again recently, prompted by this tweet:

Here's another recent example from my twitter feed:

(The original tweet here also isn't the only time that that tweet about people having forgotten Abu Ghraib got retweeted into my feed recently).

Random links

More Art Than Science
"When I hear someone say “it’s more art than science,” what I really hear is “it’s at least as much luck as skill.”"
U.S. Jews are more likely than Christians to say Trump favors the Israelis too much
One of the things I've come to expect in polling data which people tend not to think.
The Surprising Preference for Hiring Formerly Incarcerated Blacks in Oakland
"blacks with a criminal record appear more likely to be called by a potential employer than whites with a criminal record and blacks without a criminal record."
When Male Runners Lose to Women
"Longer than the 42.16 kilometres of a marathon, ultramarathons mercilessly have no upper limit ... these long-distance races have led to a reexamination of gender limits in racing: female competitors have begun outrunning their male counterparts with greater frequency—and by large margins."

How's this for unusual election stories?

From Male, Female or Both? Reactions to Intersex Americans Through History

In the early to mid-19th century, doctors began to record and discuss encounters with intersex people in medical journals. One of these people was Levi Suydam, a 23-year-old white man and property owner in Connecticut who tried to register to vote in 1843. When someone challenged Suydam’s application on the grounds that he was more female than male and therefore couldn’t vote, a doctor from Hartford named William James Barry stepped in to examine him.

Based on the presence of some male sex organs, Barry decided Suydam was “a male citizen, and consequently entitled to all the privileges of a freeman,” as he wrote in The New York Journal of Medicine. That spring, Suydam was able to cast the deciding vote for the Whig party in a local election. Yet afterwards, Barry wondered whether he’d been wrong. He and another doctor found out Suydam menstruated and lacked facial hair. They also realized Suydam was sexually attracted to men, a characteristic the doctors considered inherently female.

Barry didn’t record how his follow-up examinations affected Suydam, so we don’t know if he ended up losing his right to vote.


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